Electrical Review, December 28, 1918, pages 1009-1010:
NEW POSSIBILITIES IN RADIO SERVICE.
Interesting Suggestion for Wireless News Service Made Before Royal Society of Arts.
In a recent address on "Science and the Future," delivered before the Royal Society of Arts, in London, England, by its chairman, A. A. Campbell Swinton, interesting comments were made on the recent achievements and new possibilities of wireless communication. In view of the general interest in this fascinating branch of electrical science and art, we quote the following brief extract from the address on some new possibilities in this line.
"One matter, however, is within public knowledge, and that is the increased and still increasing amount of news that we get in the papers that appears under the heading of "Per Wireless Press." Indeed, wireless telegraphy appears to be developing at last in what has always appeared to me to be its proper field, which is not so much to communicate between one individual and another, but rather for the communication of intelligence broadcast over the earth. No doubt maritime wireless communication between ships, and between ship and shore, hitherto its most useful application, is another case altogether, and supplies a want that telegraphy by wire cannot meet at all. With this we are already familiar, while the use of wireless as a voice that can speak simultaneously to points on every portion of the earth is in some ways a more novel proposition.
"No doubt some persons who had private wireless stations of their own before the war, were used to getting time signals from Paris from the Eiffel Tower, and from Nauen in Germany ; while a few of those who had mastered the difficulties of reading the Morse alphabet by ear, were able to decipher weather reports from these places as well as from our own Admiralty, in addition to general news from Poldhu in Cornwall, and from one or two other large stations.
"What I have in my mind, however, goes much farther than this. In London tape and column-printing telegraph instruments operated by wire, that record sporting, parliamentary and general news, have long been familiar objects in clubs and hotels, and have become a portion of our daily life. Now there is no reason at all why similar printing instruments, which he who runs can read, should not be operated by wireless means, not only in London and other large cities, but throughout the country, or even throughout the world. Special transmitting stations using different wave-lengths could send out the messages, while separate printing machines, tuned each to respond to the wave-length of a particular transmitter, at each required point, would receive and record them. No connecting wires, costly both as regards first expense or as regards upkeep, would be required, but only suitable aerials at each transmitting and receiving station.
"Some regulations would be necessary to prevent interference, and as wireless waves, traveling as they do through the ether of space at the enormous speed of 186,000 miles per second, recognize no international boundaries, they would have to be universal. Thus arises a fitting opportunity for the league of nations. For the distribution of news to the press nothing could be better or more economical, while there is no reason why clubs, hotels and private houses everywhere should not also be thus supplied with the latest intelligence. For in wireless telegraphy it costs no more to send signals to a thousand receiving stations than to a single one, and there is practically no limit to the number of the stations that can simultaneously receive signals from a single transmitting station.
"To some, this sketch, of the universal distribution of news to all and sundry may appear fantastic, but it is not really so at all ; for, at any rate as concerns an area no larger than Western Europe and the British Islands, it is well within the range of practicability at the present time, and only requires a little working out to arrive at the best arrangements. Nor is this all ; spoken words of the human voice have already been intelligently transmitted by wireless across the Atlantic between the United States and Paris, a feat that has never been accomplished by cable ; and there is no reason that I am aware of, why, in the near future, we should not have a public speaker, say in London, in New York or anywhere, addressing by word of mouth and articulate wireless telephony an audience of thousands scattered, may be, over half the globe."