The Cleveland Plain Dealer's weekly "Radiograms" column documented local amateur radio activity, including information about weekly concerts, coordinated by the Cleveland Radio Association, that were presented from May, 1921 to February, 1922.

The photograph of Mme. Carolina Hudson Alexander singing at 3138 Payne Avenue over 8ACS appeared on page 19 of the November 26, 1921 issue of ''The Music Trades''.


News  and  Comments  in  Realm
of  Wireless  Amateurs
    EDITOR'S NOTE--Radio amateurs are invited to contribute to this department of the Plain Dealer. Contributions should be plainly written, as non-technical and as brief as possible. Write on only one side of the page. Any information of interest to other wireless enthusiasts is acceptable; send to the Radio Editor.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, May 5, 1921, page 6:

Weekly  Concerts  Here.
    Radio amateurs of the Fifth City are planning a series of weekly concerts by radio telephone. The concerts are being arranged by the Cleveland Radio Association, it is announced.
    "Cleveland people generally have little realization of what is passing over their heads every evening in the way of radio concerts from a dozen or more stations built and operated by radio amateurs," asserts A. G. Spiller, president of the Cleveland association.
    In the past, he adds, these concerts have been given with the aid of phonographs but under the arrangement now being worked out the programs to be sent out broadcast every Friday evening will consist of vocal and instrumental numbers provided by musical talent in the city. Stations in various parts of the city will send out these concerts between 8:30 and 9:30 in the evening.
    Amateurs having any radio receiving apparatus are expected to have "guest night" at their homes so their friends may be initiated into the mysteries of radio and at the same time be delightfully entertained by some of the leading musical artists in the city at the time.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, May 12, 1921, page 8:

Next  Cleveland  Radio  Concert.
    The next weekly concert of the Cleveland Radio Association will be given tomorrow night from the residence of C. Krieghbaum, 1256 E. 125th street, President A. G. Spiller announced yesterday. Vocal duets by S. J. Smith and W. D. Schenck will feature the concert. It is asserted, Mr. Schenck will be at the piano.
Last  Concert  is  Voted  a  Success.
    The associations' last Friday evening concert was voted a big success by the city's wireless amateurs. The concert was in the nature of a piano concert given on a radiophone set at the residence of the association's president, 14405 Strathmore avenue, East Cleveland. Miss Edith Maize of East Cleveland played numerous selections which were received in all parts of the city loud enough to be repeated over wire telephone by amateurs to their friends not radio equipped.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, May 19, 1921, page 6:

Lakewood  Artists  to  be  Heard.
    The next regular Friday evening concert of the Cleveland Radio Association will be given tomorrow evening from the radiophone set of I. E. Beasley, 1417 Rockway avenue, Lakewood.
    An interesting program is promised by some of Lakewood's talented artists. These weekly concerts have been reported as very clear within the radius of Oberlin and Ashtabula and the radio amateur of the Fifth City and vicinity extend to the musical profession in Cleveland their appreciation of their cooperation and services which make this novel form of weekly entertainment possible. A. G. Spiller, president, said yesterday.
    Mr. Beasley's radio call is 8ACC.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, May 26, 1921, page 9:

Radio  Concert  Here  Tomorrow  Night.
    A wireless concert of instrumental music will be sent out to radio amateurs of Cleveland and vicinity tomorrow evening, beginning at 8. by H. H. Hurd of the engineering department of the National Lamp Works, Nela park, from his home at 2197 Noble road, Cleveland Heights, as the weekly feature of the Cleveland Radio Association. Mr. Hurd's call is 8ALY.
    Last week's concert, broadcasted by I. E. Beasley, 1417 Rockway avenue, Lakewood, was featured by the singing of a Lakewood church choir. The bass voices carried unusually well, radio amateurs report, and were heard within an exceptionally wide range.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, June 2, 1921, page 7:

Band  Concert  Here  by  Radio.
    A wireless novelty for Fifth City radio amateurs and others is promised by the Cleveland Radio Association for its regular weekly concert tomorrow night, beginning at 8:30, when the musical numbers of a well known Cleveland band will be broadcasted from the station of I. E. Beasley at 1417 Rockway avenue, Lakewood.
    The city's amateurs have been requested by the radio association's officials to "stand by" for this concert, which will be sent out on a 350-meter wave length. Mr. Beasley's call letters are 8-ACC.
    The music for this concert will be provided by the Brooklyn Concert band of eighteen pieces. The leader of this band is G. E. Calderwood, 3605 Poe avenue S. W., who is known to many radio amateurs as a wireless enthusiast.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, June 16, 1921, page 9:

Radio  Fans  to  Follow  Fight.
    Two Cleveland amateurs are planning to rent a sufficiently large hall so they can invite a representative gathering of their friends to assemble and see what can be done by radio. These amateur are Norman M. Kraus, who operated station 8AFO in Brooklyn Heights village, and George Jackson of 1289 E. 86th street, whose station is 8AUX.
    Norman, who gave last Friday evening's radio concert, the weekly entertainment feature of the Cleveland Radio Association, is scheduled also to give the concert for wireless amateurs to be held tomorrow night.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, July 7, 1921, page 6:

Irish  Songs  to  Feature  Concert.
    Old Irish songs as sung by a colleen, who arrived in Cleveland a few days ago from the Emerald Isle, will feature this week's concert of the Cleveland Radio Association tomorrow night, President A. G. Spillar announced yesterday.
    The concert will be given jointly by I. E. Beasley, 1417 Rockway avenue, Lakewood, operator of Station 8-CAA, and James Hausser, E. 128th street, near Kinsman avenue S. E., one of the city's newest amateurs, and the operator of Station 8-BCA.
    The Erin singer referred to is a visitor at the home of Mr. Hausser, who has prevailed upon her to sing for the amateurs tomorrow evening. Hearing her host speaking by radiophone with Frank M. J. Murphy, Grand Division avenue S. E. and Warner road, Sunday afternoon, she volunteered--because his name was Murphy--to sing an Irish song! A number of amateurs listened in, with the result that they gave Mr. Hausser no peace until he had persuaded the colleen to sing for them tomorrow evening.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, July 14, 1921, page 7:

This  Week's  Radio  Concert.
    The weekly concert for radio amateurs of this section will be given tomorrow night by Norman M. Kraus of 4383 W. 28th street, whose station is 8-AFO, and Frank M. J. Murphy of Warner road and Grand Division avenue S. E., operator of station 8-ML, it was announced yesterday by A. G. Spillar, president of the Cleveland Radio Association.
    Arrangements are being made to provide some special musical talent for this occasion, he added.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, July 21, 1921, page 7:

About  This  Week's  Radio  Concert.
    A. G. Spiller, president of the Cleveland Radio Association, will give this week's wireless concert tomorrow evening from his powerful continuous wave station--8-ACR--at his home, 14405 Strathmore avenue, East Cleveland. Every amateur in the city is expected to be able to receive the musical and other entertainment features of the concert's program.
    The matter of selecting the amateurs who will put on the concert each week has been put into the hands of a committee of the radio association headed by Norman Kraus of Brooklyn Heights.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, July 28, 1921, page 7:

Latest  on  This  Week's  Concert.
    Three Fifth City musical artists will be heard during the regular weekly concert of the Cleveland Radio Association tomorrow evening, it was announced yesterday. Amateurs within fifty miles of Cleveland will be able to hear the soprano voice of Miss Clarice Talmon, 3131 W. 70th street, it is added. Miss Frances Smith, 6910 Polonia avenue S. E. will be at the piano and Frank Kreiger, 4219 E. 96th street, will play the violin.
    Norman M. Kraus, operator of station 8-AFO, Cook avenue and Broadview road, Brooklyn Heights, and Frank M. J. Murphey, Grand Division avenue S. E and Warner road, operator of station 8-ML, will broadcast this music.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, August 4, 1921, page 6:

Elaborate  Radio  Concert  Coming.
    Tomorrow evening's regular weekly wireless concert will be unusually elaborate in view of the fact that it will be of only an hour's duration, James E. Hausser, 3344 E. 128th street, operator of Station 8-BCA, announced yesterday. Mr. Hausser has been delegated by the Cleveland Radio Association to broadcast this week's concert for radio music lovers, and his powerful four-tube transmitter will make the music audible, his friends say, when received in Cleveland and vicinity by even the most elementary equipment.
    Miss Nancy Jones will give several soprano solos. Miss Lillian Riedel will be at the piano and S. J. Hausser will play the cornet. A Fifth City violin player of note also has tentatively promised to give a few selections, the 8-BCA operator said. Some of the latest phonograph records are to complete the evening's program.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, August 11, 1921, page 7:

Friday  Evening's  Radio  Concert.
    The weekly wireless concert of the Cleveland Radio Association tomorrow evening will be sent out by Norman M. Kraus of Brooklyn Heights village, whose station is 8-AFO. The time of this concert has been changed and will begin at 7:30 instead of 8. The program will end at 8:30 sharp, Mr. Kraus announced last night.
    Among the musical artists whose talents will amuse the radio enthusiasts of Cleveland and vicinity will be C. J. Doravil, 2304 Tampa avenue S. W., violinist, and Francis Haupt, 9717 Denison avenue S. W., cornetist. Several soloists also are to be heard. Doravil is one of the Fifth City's ardent wireless fans and is operator of station 8-CE.
    Kraus' station is said to be among the best in this section and will be heard by amateurs having even the elementary crystal type equipments. Telephone signals of 8-AFO were received last week by operators as far away as 3-BP, "somewhere in Ontario," Canada. Kraus also received word yesterday that his CW signals were heard by an amateur in Bristol, Conn.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, August 18, 1921, page 6:

Pipe  Organ  to  Feature  Concert.
    For the first time in the history of the Cleveland Radio Association music made by the pipe organ will feature the weekly wireless entertainment of the association tomorrow evening. President A. G. Spiller, 14405 Strathmore avenue, East Cleveland, said last night.
    This week's concert is to be broadcasted by 8-ACR, Mr. Spiller's station. The program is to include solos by A. J.
    Smith and W. D. Schenck, Cleveland singers whose voices were last projected into the air by 8-NQ for the entertainment of radio amateurs of Cleveland and environs.
    "Pipe organ music so far has been a feature at the concerts of KDKA, the powerful East Pittsburg (Pa.) station of Westinghouse," said Mr. Spiller. "Many amateurs here have asked why we did not have pipe organ selections on our program. So the necessary arrangements have been made to add organ music to our concert, which will be sent out from 8 to 9 Friday evening."
Cleveland Plain Dealer, August 25, 1921, page 7:

Minstrels  to  Sing  for  Amateurs.
    A musical "treat" is to feature the weekly wireless program of the Cleveland Radio Association tomorrow evening, Warren R. Cox, operator at Station 8-ACS at 3138 Payne avenue S E., announced last night.
    The "treat," he added, is to consist of a complete minstrel show to he given for radio amateurs of Cleveland and vicinity by Bryce's colored entertainers, engaged by the Radio association for the evening. The program is to be broadcasted from Mr. Cox's station, which is said to be one of the newest and most powerful in the city.
    An unusually large number of Fifth City wireless enthusiasts is expected to enjoy this week's program. Four transmitting tubes will be need by 8-ACS, its operator asserted. This should enable the owner of even the simplest of receiving apparatus to hear the music distinctly, it is said.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, September 1, 1921, page 9:

Radio  Concert  to  be  Elaborate.
    Tomorrow evening's wireless concert for amateurs of Cleveland and vicinity will be unusually elaborate, according to the announcement yesterday of Edwin M. Prentke, 10013 Somerset avenue N. E.
    Mr. Prentke will broadcast the musical numbers of the program from his station, 8AWF, on the usual wave length of approximately 200 meters, using one tube. He predicts that amateurs will be able to hear the concert clearly, despite the low power, because of the efficient arrangement of his apparatus.
    Musicians who will play for the radio amateurs tomorrow evening include: Lester H. Goldburg (8-HV), 2011 Scottwood avenue N. E., piano and cornet; Ralph Goldburg, 2011 Scottwood avenue, trumpet; Bertram Gooel, 3081 Yorkshire road, Cleveland Heights, violin, and Mortimer Steele, 11414 Hopkins avenue N. E., drum.
    This will be the regular weekly concert which is given under the auspices of the Cleveland Radio Association, an organization of some 150 wireless enthusiasts of the Fifth City and its environs.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, September 15, 1921, page 6:

Radio Concert Surprise Promised.
    A concert in which musical instruments which have never been heard by radio in Cleveland will be played is the promise of Warren R. Cox, 3138 Payne avenue N. E., who is scheduled to broadcast from his station, 8-ACS, the weekly musical treat of the Cleveland Radio Association tomorrow night.
    Four professional singers of rare talent also will be heard, Mr. Cox intimates. The program is one of the most elaborate ever arranged for the wireless enthusiasts of Cleveland and vicinity, it is said.
    Radio amateurs will have no difficulty in receiving the concert, Mr. Cox points out, as four transmitting tubes will be used. This will enable wireless experimenters with even the simplest of crystal detectors to enjoy the evening's entertainment.
    Suggestions for improving these radio concerts are wanted by the Radio Editor of The Plain Dealer. What is your idea? How would you change these weekly musical programs for the better? What kind of music do you like best? Make your letters very brief and write on but one side of the paper.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, September 29, 1921, page 6:

Radio  Concert  Plans  are  Changed.
    The regular Friday evening concert of the Cleveland Radio Association is to be broadcasted tomorrow night by A. G. Spiller, former president of the organization, whose station, 8-ACR, is located at his home, 14405 Strathmore avenue, East Cleveland.
    "If Mr. Spiller is called out of town on business, as he anticipates that he may be, some other amateur with a sufficiently powerful station will be designated to give the concert," said Edwin H. Poad (8-UK), president of the association. "Meanwhile the organization is completing plans to turn the weekly concerts over to Warren R. Cox of 8-ACS, who has offered to provide the best of musical talent for these affairs.
    "Mr. Cox has given the city's amateurs such exceptional wireless entertainment in recent weeks that every radio enthusiast will be more than pleased to learn that Mr. Cox will soon be giving all the concerts. His transmitting apparatus will be the most complete in the city. I understand amateurs within considerable distance of the city will be able to hear the concerts with ease."
Cleveland Plain Dealer, October 6, 1921, page 9:

"Biggest  Radio  Concert"  Promised.
    A musical treat is promised Cleveland radio amateurs tomorrow night by Warren R. Cox of 3133 Payne avenue N. E., whose station, 8-ACS, will broadcast the regular concert of the Cleveland Radio Association this week.
    "For that evening I have engaged Bryce's entertainers," he announced last night. "The men who make up this organization have rich voices that should carry well. In addition they will play various musical instruments for the different numbers. This concert should be better than any I have been privileged to broadcast for the association."
    "That means it should be the best concert in the association's history," said Edwin H. Poad, president. "Mr. Cox's concerts in recent weeks have been the best ever heard by radio in Cleveland, if the enthusiastic comment of amateurs here is to be believed.
    "Mr. Cox's station has four transmitting tubes and hence is powerful enough so the music should be caught plainly by even the simplest of crystal detectors. The association's officers are eager to hear how the amateurs of the Fifth City and vicinity like this offering."
    These radiophone concerts are accelerating the development of radio here, asserts Norman D. McConnell of 14606 St. Clair avenue N. E., station 8-BS. Several large concerns in the city are installing expensive apparatus to receive the music as an entertainment feature for their employees.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, October 13, 1921, page 9:

Radio  Concert  Will  be  Unique.
    The regular weekly concert of the Cleveland Radio Association will be broadcasted on Thursday evening in future, beginning with tonight, Edwin H. Poad, president announced last night.
    Tonight's concert will be unique in that it will be the first to be sent out by a station having the newly developed cage aerial, he added. The station will be 8-CD, owned by Latimer Charnicky of 9604 Sophia avenue S. E. The program is to consist of phonographic selections, interspersed with the vocal and instrumental numbers of musicians who will gather at the Charnicky home.
    "Although 8-CD will use only one five-watt tube, the concert should be heard by all Cleveland amateurs," asserts Frank J. M. Murphy, secretary of the radio organization and operator of station 8-ML. "The lower power used is compensated for by the cage aerial, the most efficient type ever devised. A very effective circuit is used that gets the most power possible out of the transmitting tube.
    "At my station I have a sensitive ammeter in the detector circuit. When 8-CD is speaking the indicator moves back and forth with each word, indicating how strongly his wave is varied or modulated by his voice.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, October 20, 1921, page 10:

Real  Talent  for  Radio  Concert.
    Five musicians have been engaged to provide entertainment for Cleveland wireless enthusiasts tonight, according to James E. Hausser of 3344 E. 128th street, whose powerful station (8-BCA) will broadcast the regular weekly concert of the Cleveland Radio Association.
    David Francis and Thomas Twigg, tenor singers; Miss Nancy Jones, soprano, and Miss Lillian Reidel, pianist, all of 2940 E. 116th street, will give a wide range of selections, interspersed with phonographic numbers and several flute selections by Richard Shultz of East Cleveland.
    Station 8-BCA has a powerful transmitter, which employs four five-watt tubes. Amateurs with the simplest of receiving sets will have no difficulty in receiving the concert, Mr. Hausser said, especially since the counterpoise of his station has been put into condition.
    His friends explain that for some months Mr. Hausser has been wondering why his notes were "mushy" in spite of his best efforts to clarify them. An examination of his counterpoise last week revealed the reason. A neighbor's grape vines and his father's bean stalks had grown until they completely covered the counterpoise, effectively grounding it.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, October 27, 1921, page 15:

Radio  Music  for  Scout  Exposition.
    One of the unique features of the Cleveland Boy Scouts' exposition at Garfield park Saturday afternoon will be the most elaborate wireless concert ever staged in Ohio, Edwin H. Poad, president of the Cleveland Radio Association announced yesterday.
    To enable the 3,000 Fifth City scouts and their families to hear the music, the largest amplifying apparatus in the city will be used on this occasion. This apparatus will be provided by the engineering department of the National Lamp works, Nela Park. It will make radio music audible for more than a mile, Mr. Poad is informed.
    Special music for this concert has been secured by Warren R. Cox of 3138 Payne avenue N. E., who will use his station, 8-ACS, for broadcasting it. Four tubes are used for transmission. Amateurs in all parts of the city will be able to enjoy this concert according to Mr. Poad.
    The regular weekly concert of the Cleveland radio organization tonight will be broadcasted by F. M. J. Murphy of 8-ML, who is said to have the largest amateur aerial in Ohio. It is 110 feet in height. Mr. Murphy's station, which was stripped by burglars some weeks ago, again has been put into condition, he reported last night. Two five-watt tubes are used in transmitting.
    Due to the efficiency of the aerial and counterpoise, 8-ML's range is said to be unusually wide. He has received cards from as far west as Omaha, Neb., and as far east as points in Massachusetts, stating that his signals have been received.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, November 3, 1921, page 11:

High  School  Students  Give  Concert.
    During the exercises marking the formal opening of the new Shaw Technical High school building recently under the auspices of the East Cleveland Chamber of Commerce and the Civic League, the class in advanced physics staged a radiophone concert which was a big success.
    "Everyone seemed eager to learn more of the mysteries of radio," asserts C. J. Carter of the department of physics of Shaw High, who is himself one of the city's most ardent wireless fans.
    The receiving apparatus was set up in the electrical laboratory and consisted of a two-stage amplifier and Magnavox. A single wire antenna, 150 feet long, was used. Voice and music could be heard over the entire third floor distinctly, Mr. Carter adds.
    Music for the concert was furnished by 8-ACR, 8-ACS and 8-ML. Even the address of welcome was made by radio, J. P. Stedman, president of the board of education, delivering it at the home of A. G. Spiller (8-ACR) at 14405 Strathmore avenue, East Cleveland.
    During the concert it was found necessary to explain to the audience that if the music it heard was not produced by a phonograph or anything of that sort in the room," avers Mr. Carter, who thinks radio amateurs should do all in their power on radio concert nights to acquaint their friends with the wonders of this newest of sciences.
    "Moreover, every spark offender who breaks up a concert with his testing and calling during the period set aside for the concert should be severely dealt with. This can be done through the United States radio inspector for this district, who is heartily in accord with the work of the Cleveland Radio Association.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, November 10, 1921, page 8:

Address  to  Feature  Program  Tonight.
    An unique feature of the regular weekly entertainment of the Cleveland Radio Association tonight will be an address on the "father and son day" movement by Robert E. Lewis, general secretary of the Cleveland Young Men's Christian Association.
    Mr. Lewis will deliver the address at the home of A. G. Spiller, 14405 Strathmore avenue, East Cleveland, and it will be broadcasted from Mr. Spiller's station--8-ACR--to the audience which will be gathered at the Windermere Presbyterian church, Euclid and Windermere avenues, East Cleveland.
    Reception of the address and the association's concert at the church will be in charge of C. J. Carter (8-AGZ), who will employ his radio receiving apparatus and an amplifying device which will make Mr. Lewis' voice and the music audible to the entire audience. The meeting will be held in the main auditorium of the church.
    Station 8-ACR is among the most powerful of amateur radiophone stations in the city and the address on a subject of significance to every radio enthusiast is expected to make a wide appeal.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, November 17, 1921, page 11: Mme. Carolina Hudson Alexander singing at 3138 Payne Avenue over 8ACS

About  Tonight's  Wireless  Concert.
    One of the newest and most modern wireless stations in Cleveland is to be utilized for broadcasting the weekly concert of the Cleveland Radio Association tonight. Station 8-CD, operated by Latimer L. Charnicky of 9604 Sophia avenue S. E., includes apparatus of the continuous wave type with a five-watt tube for transmission.
    Amateur Charnicky has equipped his station with the cage type of aerial and asserts that its advantages are not over rated. His aerial is 60 feet high and 75 feet long. A counterpoise is used for "ground".
    A feature of tonight's concert, according to 8-CD's operator, will be a harmonica duet by John Shuran, 2741 E. 121st street, and Thomas Banas, 9817 Stoughton avenue S. E. Other musicians who will figure in the evening's musical offerings will be Michael Sado, violinist, 2847 Ambler avenue, East Cleveland; William Kowalsky, cornetist, 2886 Ambler avenue; Andrew Devera, violinist, 2817 Sophia avenue S. E., and Stephen Torok, clarinetist, 11724 Honeydale avenue S. E.
    In accordance with the association's rules, the concert will be given on the 200-meter wave length and will start at 8 and terminate at about 9.

Queries  of  Radio  Amateurs 

    Radio Editor--Sir: I have installed a wireless receiving set in my home and would like the following information: On what wave length are your concerts sent out? What evening and what time? What is the call? Gratefully yours, E. P. TROY.
    Homestead, Pa.

    The weekly concerts of the Cleveland Radio Association are sent out on Thursday evenings, from 8 to 9. Different members of the association broadcast the concert each week. Call letters of some of these stations are 8-BCA, 8-CD, 8-ACR, 8-NQ, 8-UK, 8-ALY, 8-AFO and 8-ML. The wave is broadcasted every Sunday night by 8-ACS but not under the auspices of the association.

QRM  Pests  are  to  be  Suppressed.
    "I don't care for music so I'll spoil the fun for those who do!"
    That seems to be the attitude of a few unsportsmanlike wireless experimenters who insist on setting up all the interference possible on radio concert nights, say officers of the association, who have taken up the matter with S. W. Edwards, United States radio inspector for this district.
    Inspector Edwards has sent a message from his office in Detroit that he will take immediate action on receipt of a sworn affidavit or will make a special trip to Cleveland to put a "quietus" to any offender. Several members of the association at the last meeting volunteered to assume the rather unpleasant duty of making proper complaint against the most persistent foes of the weekly concerts and relay traffic.
    "We believe we have devised at least a means of suppressing these QRM pests," declared the chairman of the association's traffic committee, Paul Marsal. "Cleveland is far behind other large cities in this respect, but if a few of the most persistent interference experts are eliminated, the situation will be greatly improved. Having a station closed for thirty days is bitter medicine but it is apparently the only cure for some."
Cleveland Plain Dealer, November 24, 1921, page 14:

Elaborate  Radio  Concert  Planned.
    What is expected to be an unusually interesting wireless concert will be broadcasted this evening by James E. Hausser of 3344 E. 128th street, operator of Station 8-BCA, who has been selected to send out this week's musical program of the Cleveland Radio Association.
    Hausser's station uses four five-watt tubes in transmission. Amateurs are expected to have no difficulty in receiving the varied program of music which is promised. Besides piano, violin and vocal selections, the entertainment is to offer some novelties, the nature of which has not been disclosed.
    Cleveland's wireless enthusiasts have become music lovers through the medium of these concerts, according to President Edwin H. Poad, who announces that the regular meeting of the association tomorrow night in the rooms of the Electrical League at Hotel Statler will be featured by a musical program. An eight-piece orchestra will provide the entertainment and will be led by Gustar Kostelecky of 1512 Hayden avenue, East Cleveland, owner of Station 8-WB.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, December 1, 1921, page 12:

Band  Concert  as  Radio  Novelty.
    For the first time in the history of the city and of the Cleveland Radio Association, a band concert will be broadcasted tonight.
    The White Motor Co. band of thirty pieces, directed by J. Glowe, will play a number of popular selections at radio station 8-ACS, 3138 Payne avenue N. E., which will broadcast on the usual wave length of approximately 200 meters.
    The concert will start promptly at 8, according to Warren R. Cox, operator of this station, who declares amateurs will not need to be asked to "stand by" for this unique entertainment.
    In addition to the band numbers, there will be cornet, trombone and other solos. Besides these solos, the program will be interspersed with grand opera selections on a new type of phonograph, which has just been perfected by Clevelanders, and has not been revealed even to the music trades. This machine is said to have been developed primarily for radio work, the inventors assert, and in preliminary tests is said to have demonstrated remarkable properties along this line. Amateurs here will have the opportunity tonight to judge for themselves, Mr. Cox says.
    Station 8-ACS, which announces the continuation of its Sunday evening concerts, has received word that amateur stations as far distant as Illinois have heard these programs.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, December 8, 1921, page 12:

Radio  Concerts  Appeal  to  Amateurs.
    That the wireless concerts being given for Cleveland amateurs are proving more popular than ever is evidenced according to Paul A. Marsal of 1527 Lakeland avenue, Lakewood, chairman of the traffic committee of the Cleveland Radio Association, by the fact that not a single instance of interference marred the exceptional radiophone concert broadcasted Sunday night by Warren R. Cox of 3138 Payne avenue N. E., operator of Station 8-ACS.
    "This is a record not only for Cleveland but for any city in the country in which there are as many amateur stations to the square mile as there are here," said Marsal. "If Cleveland's radio fans will continue to give this kind of co-operation they will make it possible for the city to boast the finest and most entertaining wireless concerts of any city in America."
    This week's concert of the Cleveland Radio Association will be broadcasted tonight by Frank M. J. Murphy, Warner road and Grand Division avenue S. E., secretary of the association, who promises some exceptional talent for the diversion of wireless fans. His station--8-ML--is said to have an unusually wide range, in view of the two five-watt tubes used for transmission.
    An elaborate program is planned by Cox for his Sunday evening concert. Among the artists to figure in the 8-ACS entertainment this Sunday will be Edythe Toole, pianist; Nelle McMahon, meso-soprano; Samuel Piro, Italian pianist, and the Daly banjo trio, according to Cox's announcement.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, December 15, 1921, page 9:

Future  Concerts  on  Sunday  Nights.
    Future concerts of the Cleveland Radio Association will be broadcasted on Sunday evening only by Warren S. Cox from his powerful Station 8-ACS, at 3138 Payne avenue N. E.
    This was the decision reached at the last meeting of the association, where it was pointed out that amateurs generally preferred to reserve Sunday evenings for wireless entertainment and use the other evenings of the week for radio development.
    Station 8-ACS was the unanimous choice of the boys as the broadcasting medium, since it is the most powerful station in the city, if not in the state. Four power tubes are utilized for transmission.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, December 22, 1921, page 8:

Sunday  Radio  Concerts  Popular.
    Since the weekly wireless concerts of the Cleveland Radio Association have been transferred from Thursday to Sunday evening and the broadcasting has been turned over to Station 8-ACS, the most powerful radiophone station in this section, amateurs here are assured of larger audiences in many homes, when the guests remain to hear the music.
    "Cleveland radio amateurs are helping to make these Sunday evening concerts the most enjoyable ever given in the city," declared E. H. Poad, president of the association. "Interference, so far, has been negligible and we hopeit will be still further reduced. In this way amateurs can help to make these concerts the biggest success imaginable.
    "Credit is due to Warren R. Cox of 3138 Payne avenue N. E., operator of 8-ACS, for the excellent music provided last Sunday evening. He promises an equally good program for next Sunday evening. Four soloists, an orchestra and one of Ohio's most gifted accordion players provided the music last Sunday night."
    As an unusual feature of that program, Mr. Poad addressed the amateurs on radio subjects and warmly praised Mr. Cox for his generous contribution of time and money in entertaining wireless amateurs and their friends during the last eight months.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, December 29, 1921, page 7:

About  Sunday  Night  Radio  Concert.
    Another of the excellent wireless programs of the Cleveland Radio Association is scheduled to be broadcasted for the amateurs of Cleveland and vicinity Sunday evening by Station 8-ACS of Warren R. Cox, 3138 Payne Avenue N. E. Four transmitting tubes are used by this station, which is said to be the most powerful radiophone station in the state.
    Lawrence Young, well known in musical circles of this city, will sing a number of baritone solos. Miss Edith Toole of 1398 E. 112th street will be the pianist and Paul Herder of 1832 E. 11th street will play several selections on his violin. Announcement of the other numbers on the program has been withheld so radio amateurs may indulge in some pleasurable anticipation.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, January 5, 1922, page 9:

Radio  Concert  to  be  Elaborate.
    An unusually elaborate and varied program is to mark the regular weekly wireless concert of the Cleveland Radio Association to be sent out Sunday evening by Station 8-ACS. The concert will begin promptly at 8.
    Among the artists already engaged to contribute to the evening's entertainment for radio amateurs are the Columbia Four, vocal entertainers, with Clayton Thirkell at the piano. This quartet is composed of T. J. Fitzgerald, first tenor; J. Mangan, second tenor; F. J. Mehl, baritone, and J. L. Hartman, basso. Other soloists for that evening will include Miss Nellie McMahon, mezzo-soprano; Miss Edythe Toole, pianist, and Samuel Piro, piano accordion.
    Announcements pertaining to the next meeting of the radio association and the code class will be made before the concert starts.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, January 12, 1922, page 9:

More  Talent  for  Radio  Concert.
    An orchestra has been engaged for the wireless concert of the Cleveland Radio Association Sunday evening, it was announced yesterday. The concert will be sent out from Station 8-ACS, which is said to have the most powerful radiophone transmitting apparatus in the state.
    The musical program of this next entertainment for the wireless amateurs
    of Cleveland and vicinity will be provided by Weisenbergers' orchestra. The soloists will include Mrs. J. Cantor, dramatic soprano; LeRoy Repp, cornetist; Frank Weisenberger, pianist, and J. Cantor, violinist.
    In letters to their Cleveland friends, wireless enthusiasts in several adjoining states have commented on the clearness with which they are receiving these concerts. One amateur in Connellsville, Pa., writes that he rarely fails to enjoy every number of the Sunday night programs.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, January 19, 1922, page 7:

Whistler  to  Heard  by  Radio.
    A novelty is promised for Cleveland radio amateurs as a part of the regular wireless concert of the Cleveland Radio Association Sunday evening, when several "whistling" numbers are to be sent out, according to Warren R. Cox of 3138 Payne avenue N. E., operator of Station 8-ACS, from which the concerts of the association are transmitted.
    Miss Virginia Ferm, Cleveland musician, will do the whistling, it is added. Wireless enthusiasts who have enjoyed the whistling selections from phonographic records in the past are expected to "sit tight" and listen Sunday evening when Miss Ferm whistles. Other talented musicians to take part in this Sunday's concert are Miss Nellie McMahan, soprano; Larry Young, baritone, and Miss Edythe Toole, pianist.
Cleveland Plain Dealer, January 26, 1922, page 7:

"Radio  Dance" is  Latest  Feature.
    Bearing out the contention of many wireless enthusiasts that the uses of radio are practically unlimited, the Cleveland Radio Association through President Edwin H. Poad yesterday announced plans to hold its first "radio dance" on Wednesday evening of next week.
    The musical program will be sent out as in the past from radio station 8-ACS and is under the personal supervision of F. B. Conklin of the Conklin Dancing academy, E. 84th street and Euclid avenue. The musical numbers will be played by the Frank Wiessenberger Society orchestra.
    Receiving sets with loud speaking attachments will be installed in many clubs and dance halls of the city for this evening, officials of the association predicted. Such sets should be tuned to the usual wave length of approximately 200 meters.
    The opening number will begin at 8:30 in the evening and the familiar strains of "Home Sweet Home" will be heard at 9:45, so as not to interfere with the Arlington time signals or the DX period.

Sunday  Concert  to  be  Elaborate.
    The musical program of the regular Sunday evening concert of the radio association--to be sent out as usual by 3-ACS--will be furnished by the Macedonia Community orchestra, of which Prof. W. C. Miller is director, it is announced.
    Some idea of the size of this orchestra may be gleaned by the radio music lover from the fact that it includes seven violinists, three cornetists, two saxophone players, a clarinetist and a bass viol player. Special piano solo number by Sterling Spaulding.